2010 to 2015 government policy: food and farming industry

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UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies. This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. This publication is available at https: This is a copy of a document that stated a policy of the to Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government.

The previous URL of this page was https: Current policies can be found at the GOV. The farming, food and drink sector is responsible for 3. Making this sector more productive and competitive, particularly by increasing exports, will help economic growth.

We need to produce more food, not just for economic growth but also to feed the growing world population. We also need to get better at producing food in efficient ways. Farmers, manufacturers, retailers and consumers all have a part to play in reducing waste and using resources effectively.

Since the horsemeat incident we have worked with industry to restore confidence in food. Consumers have a right to know that food is what it says it is. Fraud undermines consumer confidence and damages the interests of legitimate food businesses that follow the rules. As part of work we have already started, and following recommendations in the Elliott review, we will:.

Learn more about how we will act on the recommendations of the Elliott review. In the natural environment white paperwe said we would find ways to increase food production while also improving the environment.

To do this, we set up the Green Food Project, working with the food, farming and environmental industries. We are improving the way public sector buys sustainable food and catering services. A plan for public procurement of food sets out how we will help to build a healthy future for people, farms and food producers by:. We provide funding, advice and other support for farmers to promote environmentally friendly ways of managing land and increased production.

Farmers can get funding for work that meets these aims through the Rural Development Programme and the Environmental Stewardship scheme. Farmers who claim payments under the Common Agricultural Policy Food regulation policy options paper trading must meet a set of conditions, called cross compliance. This includes conditions for good environmental stewardship. We need to attract more people with the right skills and knowledge into the agricultural sector.

The review group has now published their recommendations. Pesticides are needed to control a variety of weeds, diseases, pests and moulds. However, if they are not made and used safely, they can be a risk to people and the environment.

We regulate and control pesticides and neonicotinoid insecticides to minimise the risks without losing the benefits. Soils are food regulation policy options paper trading essential part of agriculture and an important natural resource. We regulate to ensure the safety of environmental releases of genetically modified GM organisms like plants and medicines for research trials. Read more about our policy on GM.

The natural environment white paper set out our plans for the natural environment for the next 50 years. In the white paper, we say that England needs a competitive farming and food industry which contributes to global food security. In the long term, food production depends on a healthy environment. This was an international project looking at how we can produce enough food to feed a global population of 9 billion, while protecting the environment. Defrathe devolved administrations and the Farm Animal Genetic Resources expert committee carried out an inventory of all UK breeds of farm animals in This was published as part of a UK country report on food regulation policy options paper trading animal genetic resources in April We published a detailed review of agricultural greenhouse gas emissions in November This assessed how well our approach to reducing these emissions has worked.

The EU is the biggest trading bloc in the world, and so plays an important part in issues about global food production. This will consider ways to:. These issues will be more difficult because of the growing world population, which is expected to exceed 9 billion by The effects of increasing affluence, urbanisation food regulation policy options paper trading climate change will also add pressure to food supplies.

The global challenges of food security were set out in the Foresight Report on the Future of Food and Farming. Our response to this and how our policies address national and global food security are set out in the One-year review of the report.

This research food regulation policy options paper trading aims to find ways to meet demand and supply food that is safe, affordable and environmentally sustainable. For the food and drink industry, beyond the farming and growing stage, the Food Industry Sustainability Strategy:.

Leading UK trade associations and businesses have developed sustainability strategies in response. Initiatives such as the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and climate change agreements have encouraged efficient energy use and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in these sectors.

However, the situation is patchy. We need to take further action to improve resource efficiency food regulation policy options paper trading including energy use - beyond basic measures. We also work to encourage sustainable consumption. This is about consuming in a way that meets our present needs, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs for:.

An important factor in this is our work to prevent and reduce food waste, by industry and consumers. In the natural environment white paper we said that by we want:. The Soil Protection Review SPRwhich is part of cross complianceis one of our main ways of making sure our agricultural soils stay in good agricultural and environmental condition. Cross compliance is a requirement that farmers keep their land in a good agricultural and environmental condition and meet certain legal requirements.

We responded to the review in January We aim to put new arrangements in place by the end of We evaluated the current arrangements in November The soils policy programme is informed by an evidence strategy.

We carry out research to improve our understanding of soils. This includes a significant research programme over 4 years to explore:. Several studies have suggested that low doses of neonicotinoids could have sub-lethal effects on bees with consequences for bee populations.

Defra takes any threat to bees very seriously. Defra has kept evidence on neonicotinoids under open-minded scrutiny. We assess new studies as they emerge and consider how they alter the overall situation. The committee advised in January that there were grounds for a review of neonicotinoid authorisations under pesticides legislation.

Independent experts advised that there was a need for further experimental evidence food regulation policy options paper trading the issue of whether bees may face harmful exposure to neonicotinoids in field conditions. We therefore commissioned research, completed in Marchto explore further the impacts of neonicotinoids on bumble bees in field conditions.

Following this work, we produced an assessment of the evidence about neonicotinoids and bees. The assessment cannot exclude rare effects of neonicotinoids on bees in the field. However, it suggests that effects on bees do not occur under normal circumstances. Considerable efforts have been put into designing an updated risk assessment process for the effects of pesticides on bees and Food regulation policy options paper trading experts have contributed to this work.

In Maythe Commission imposed severe restrictions on the use of the three neonicotinoids on a long list of crops. The UK, along with a number of food regulation policy options paper trading member states opposed the restrictions because the evidence suggests that effects on bees do not normally occur. We emphasised the importance of taking a considered, proportionate and evidence-based approach and pressed for greater clarity on the evidence and reasoning behind the proposals.

We also pressed for further information from the Commission on economic and agricultural impacts. The Commission has undertaken to review its restrictions in It is crucial that this process is well informed. We are considering the additional scientific work required and how this should be carried forward. All pesticides, including neonicotinoids, are tightly regulated. The risk assessment process, set out in European legislation, looks in detail at the risks to honey bees, considering a range of factors including methods of application and examining both lethal and sub-lethal effects.

The regulatory process is constantly updated so that it advances with scientific knowledge food regulation policy options paper trading the authorisations of pesticide chemicals are reviewed regularly to ensure that they meet the latest standards. Those authorisations that do not are restricted or withdrawn. A code of practice provides guidance to pesticide users on minimising the exposure of bees.

The government agrees with the European Food Safety Authority EFSA that food regulation policy options paper trading is no evidence of any difference in the safety of food produced from cloned animals or their descendants and that from conventionally bred animals. The UK government believes these controls are unnecessary. Not only are there no food safety issues associated with food from clones, but existing EU and national legislation will provide the necessary safeguards for the welfare of the animals concerned.

We will be making these points forcibly when the food regulation policy options paper trading are discussed in Brussels in due course. It is important that we keep an open mind on new technologies; a point made recently in the Foresight report. This means they must be assessed for safety before they can be legally marketed anywhere in the EU. The Food Standards Agency FSA is responsible for food safety, including food from cloned animals and their descendants.

This is in line with policy by the EC and other EU member states. Earlier negotiations to update the Novel Food Regulations failed.

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Her paper calls for a reinvigoration of the public sector , with a particular focus on food security, small-scale farmers and intellectual property rules. We look at these issues with a particular focus on small-scale farmers, including fisherfolk, forest dwellers and pastoralists, a critical yet largely unheard voice in trade and innovation policy-making.

This report first provides a historical overview of both the concept of food security and the incorporation of agriculture into international trade negotiations.

It concludes by laying out a range of policy measures to enhance food security, assessing the compatibility of each with WTO regulations.

These are liable to come into conflict and the aim of the tool is to help policy makers shape their policies in ways that are mutually compatible and context-appropriate. In it, we call for further evidence-based research documenting small-scale farmers' contributions to food security, livelihood improvement and agro-ecosystem resilience.

Through this, we hope small-scale farmers may become more visible in policymaking and more supported within national innovation strategies.

The rules governing international trade in agriculture are often vague and ambiguous, requiring significant legal and administrative capacity to uncover opportunities to support food security and rural livelihoods without breaking WTO rules. Over the course of the two days, detailed information was shared, gaps highlighted, working relationships established and future directions explored. Taking an innovation systems perspective, it proposes a new framework for the design of collaborative agricultural research projects and agendas, and notes the need for pro-active policy measures in creating an enabling environment for such partnerships.

The issue of genetic resources or traditional knowledge that are shared among different countries was discussed at a World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO seminar last week.

The panel was webcast live and can be viewed at the below URL. From the 26th — 27th May, QUNO held its first expert consultation on small-scale farmer innovation in biodiverse food systems. What drives small-scale farmers to innovate? What can impede them? What role can public policy play in developing a supportive environment for such innovation? The discussion yielded a variety of proposals for potential ways forward, both for QUNO and the group as a whole.

QUNO hosted 17 participants, representing academics, trade delegates, civil society representatives, small-scale farmers and UN officials, from a total of 11 different countries. The consultation focused on how to reconcile trade rules with policies designed to safeguard food security. Building on findings that emerged from previous consultations in the series, it explored how QUNO might develop an interactive tool that would allow various stakeholders, from policymakers to farmers, to determine if a particular food security measure would be permitted under existing World Trade Organization WTO regulations.

The tool now exists in prototype form and is currently being populated with content, with the help of the consultation participants. Entitled 'Examining the Linkages between trade and food security: What is your experience?

The discussion ran from January to February Bragdon, is available at the below link. Aileen Kwa, the Coordinator for the Trade and Development Programme at the South Centre continued the panel presentation by explaining more specifically the evolution of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture and in particular the current impasse at the World Trade Organization. Isabel Mazzei, present in her personal capacity, described the struggles for a WTO trade negotiator from a developing country when trying to reconcile desired national measures on food security with pressure to brought to bear to decrease policy flexibilities in the WTO.

Ivan described the experience of Mexico after NAFTA and in particular the marginalization of small-scale producers and an increasing dependence on food imports.

Both Ivan and Billy stressed the need for policy flexibility for countries to support small-scale farmers and the development and maintenance of agricultural biological diversity as a key means to ensure food security and resilience over time. State delegates expressed appreciation for the opportunity to step back from the details of the World Trade Organization trade negotiations to discuss the underlying narrative that supports arguments for trade liberalization.

In addition the sub-themes of trade and employment and trade in Africa were addressed by contextual presentations by panelists. Moderated by Susan H. Morrison Rwakakamba brought the perspective of small-scale farmers to the fore in sharing his experience in Uganda.

The session was well received by a highly engaged group of more than 80 attendees and included perspectives and questions from a number of different stakeholder groups. An audio recording of the working session can be found here.

Skip to main content. We promote informed and balanced discussion about what agricultural systems are best suited to different circumstances and needs.

Realizing the right to food in an era of climate change. Available in English, French, Spanish and Chinese. Prepared by David Elliott, based on a full-length report by Kim Burnett, available below. This policy brief consolidates lessons learned from two sources: Read the brief in English, French, Spanish and Chinese, by clicking the links below. Read the full report below: Read the report, as well as a literature review of small-scale farmer innovation systems, below: The report is available for download in English and Chinese, by clicking on the link below.

The paper detailing the outcomes of this consultation can be found below. Downloads of the booklet are available at the link below: Follow Us on Twitter: