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Her paper calls for a reinvigoration of the public sector , with a particular focus on food security, small-scale farmers and intellectual property rules. We look at these issues with a particular focus on small-scale farmers, including fisherfolk, forest dwellers and pastoralists, a critical yet largely unheard voice in trade and innovation policy-making.
This report first provides a historical overview of both the concept of food security and the incorporation of agriculture into international trade negotiations.
It concludes by laying out a range of policy measures to enhance food security, assessing the compatibility of each with WTO regulations.
These are liable to come into conflict and the aim of the tool is to help policy makers shape their policies in ways that are mutually compatible and context-appropriate. In it, we call for further evidence-based research documenting small-scale farmers' contributions to food security, livelihood improvement and agro-ecosystem resilience.
Through this, we hope small-scale farmers may become more visible in policymaking and more supported within national innovation strategies.
The rules governing international trade in agriculture are often vague and ambiguous, requiring significant legal and administrative capacity to uncover opportunities to support food security and rural livelihoods without breaking WTO rules. Over the course of the two days, detailed information was shared, gaps highlighted, working relationships established and future directions explored. Taking an innovation systems perspective, it proposes a new framework for the design of collaborative agricultural research projects and agendas, and notes the need for pro-active policy measures in creating an enabling environment for such partnerships.
The issue of genetic resources or traditional knowledge that are shared among different countries was discussed at a World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO seminar last week.
The panel was webcast live and can be viewed at the below URL. From the 26th — 27th May, QUNO held its first expert consultation on small-scale farmer innovation in biodiverse food systems. What drives small-scale farmers to innovate? What can impede them? What role can public policy play in developing a supportive environment for such innovation? The discussion yielded a variety of proposals for potential ways forward, both for QUNO and the group as a whole.
QUNO hosted 17 participants, representing academics, trade delegates, civil society representatives, small-scale farmers and UN officials, from a total of 11 different countries. The consultation focused on how to reconcile trade rules with policies designed to safeguard food security. Building on findings that emerged from previous consultations in the series, it explored how QUNO might develop an interactive tool that would allow various stakeholders, from policymakers to farmers, to determine if a particular food security measure would be permitted under existing World Trade Organization WTO regulations.
The tool now exists in prototype form and is currently being populated with content, with the help of the consultation participants. Entitled 'Examining the Linkages between trade and food security: What is your experience?
The discussion ran from January to February Bragdon, is available at the below link. Aileen Kwa, the Coordinator for the Trade and Development Programme at the South Centre continued the panel presentation by explaining more specifically the evolution of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture and in particular the current impasse at the World Trade Organization. Isabel Mazzei, present in her personal capacity, described the struggles for a WTO trade negotiator from a developing country when trying to reconcile desired national measures on food security with pressure to brought to bear to decrease policy flexibilities in the WTO.
Ivan described the experience of Mexico after NAFTA and in particular the marginalization of small-scale producers and an increasing dependence on food imports.
Both Ivan and Billy stressed the need for policy flexibility for countries to support small-scale farmers and the development and maintenance of agricultural biological diversity as a key means to ensure food security and resilience over time. State delegates expressed appreciation for the opportunity to step back from the details of the World Trade Organization trade negotiations to discuss the underlying narrative that supports arguments for trade liberalization.
In addition the sub-themes of trade and employment and trade in Africa were addressed by contextual presentations by panelists. Moderated by Susan H. Morrison Rwakakamba brought the perspective of small-scale farmers to the fore in sharing his experience in Uganda.
The session was well received by a highly engaged group of more than 80 attendees and included perspectives and questions from a number of different stakeholder groups. An audio recording of the working session can be found here.
Skip to main content. We promote informed and balanced discussion about what agricultural systems are best suited to different circumstances and needs.
Realizing the right to food in an era of climate change. Available in English, French, Spanish and Chinese. Prepared by David Elliott, based on a full-length report by Kim Burnett, available below. This policy brief consolidates lessons learned from two sources: Read the brief in English, French, Spanish and Chinese, by clicking the links below. Read the full report below: Read the report, as well as a literature review of small-scale farmer innovation systems, below: The report is available for download in English and Chinese, by clicking on the link below.
The paper detailing the outcomes of this consultation can be found below. Downloads of the booklet are available at the link below: Follow Us on Twitter: